What is an Ultrasound? 
Ultrasound uses sound waves and a computer to create images of internal organs and blood vessels and to monitor many medical conditions, including the progress of pregnancy. 
  • A tool called a transducer that emits sound waves is placed over the area of the body being examined. 
  • The sound waves bounce off these structures and their echoes are received by the transducer, which then sends the information to a computer. 
  • The computer analyzes the information and creates a moving image.
  • This procedure is painless and non-invasive.
Diagnostic ultrasound has many uses, including the evaluation of tumors and bone structure and in interventional radiology.

When is an Ultrasound used?

  • Ultrasound has a wide range of applications: 
  • It helps clinicians assess the organs and blood vessels in the abdomen (liver, kidneys, spleen, gallbladder, bile ducts, aorta and pancreas). 
  • It also helps in evaluating organs in the pelvic area (uterus, ovaries, bladder, and prostate). 
  • The breast, thyroid, scrotum or any other soft tissue mass can be assessed using ultrasound, as can arteries and veins in the neck, abdomen and legs. 

Here are some examples of ultrasound study types and their purpose:
  • Doppler ultrasound (to visualize blood flow through a blood vessel).
  • Fetal ultrasound (to view the fetus in pregnancy).
  • Ultrasound-guided biopsies.
  • Doppler fetal heart rate monitors (to listen to the fetal heart beat).
What happens during an Ultrasound procedure?

  • A technologist will take you to the exam room, ask you some medical questions, and explain what you can expect during your test. Before your scan, you may change into a gown. 
  • A technologist will help you onto the examining table and position you comfortably.
  • A water based gel is applied to the skin over the area to be examined to block any air between the skin and transducer, as well as to eliminate friction on the skin. 
  • The technologist then places the transducer over that area. 
  • For some pelvic ultrasound exams, the technologist will use a vaginal transducer, which creates clearer images of the organs in your pelvis.

What are the benefits and risks of an Ultrasound?
Diagnostic ultrasound was put into practice for medical purposes in the 1950s. The ability to use sound waves to reflect an image of body organs and tissues completely changed the practice of radiology. It remains an extremely useful procedure, and we use state-of-the-art technology and rapid digital reporting to provide fast results for every diagnostic study.

There is no ionizing radiation exposure with this procedure; ultrasound has an excellent safety record. We nevertheless practice prudent use of ultrasound, particularly for fetal imaging.

Make sure you are prepared.

  • Pelvic ultrasound and Obstetrical Ultrasound (less than 14 weeks)

  • Drink 32 ounces of fluid one hour before your exam and do not empty your bladder until the test is completed.

  • Gallbladder and Abdominal Ultrasound,nothing to eat or drink for 8 hours prior to exam.

What you should bring:
  •     Prescription or referral from your physician.
  •     List of medications you take, including non-prescription medications and supplements.
  •     Insurance cards and picture id
  •     Any previous, relevant imaging exams and reports performed outside of our network.
  •     Medical history, including whether you may be pregnant or breastfeeding currently.
  •     Pathology reports.

Do not eat, drink, smoke or chew gum for six (6) hours before the test.

For directions for pediatric exams or any other questions please call out scheduling department at 478-743-1458.
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